HOA’s Harm Baby-Boomers & Unidentified Disabilties
--- The Coming Social Crisis ---
Federal “Disability” Definition: The law defines disability as the inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment(s) which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months. For purposes of this document, we are specifically targeting “Unidentified Mental Health Disabilities.” Those include (but are not limited to) ADHD, ASD, Bipolar Disorders, Major Depressive Disorders, OCD, PTSD, Anxiety Disorders, Developmental Disorders, TBI and Learning Disorders. Estimates of those with unidentified disorders in these realms range from 20-30% of the population. One must also realize that the “norm” for these individuals is to have more than one disorder (i.e., co- occurring conditions). Furthermore, many people have eluded identification because their symptoms are either too subtle or simply have NOT YET created enough difficulty for them. For example, many learning disorders do not qualify as legal “disabilities”, but they can still cause the individual significant life difficulties, e.g., problems with executive functions. Sensory Processing Disorders are not yet considered “disabilities.” But, again, some individuals with SPD encounter significant difficulty in job and/or social situations. KEY ISSUE: Simply having one of these disorders is NOT the issue. Having a condition that significantly interfers with one’s ability to function (for example, on an HOA Board) AND that condition being unidentified, untreated and the individual showing no inclination toward diagnosis/treatment, that is the issue. Because HOA’s have such absent/lax standards regarding qualifications for directors or committee membership, anyone with an undiagnosed, untreated disability can get in. Along with so many other “set-ups-for-trouble”, this is yet another HOA flaw that harms governance and the community. Multiple studies reveal Boomers have higher rates of “disability” than prior generations (e.g., 25%); and Millenials even higher (e.g., 30%). More focus on identification in generations after Boomers. Social Factors That Reveal &/or Conceal Disabilities: *Social Norm of concealing disabilities (denying) in Boomer generation and prior *National Mental Health Legislation 1946 *National Institute of Mental Health 1949 *National Mental Health Study 1955 *1960’s - Community MH Centers & Mental Retardation Centers *1970’s - Focus on Brain Chemistry, Bipolar Disorders & Chemical Dependency Focus on learning “disabilities” in National school system - “early identification” Rehabilitation Act 1973; Section 504 Sec. 504 strengthened 1977 IDEA 1975 - Special Edu. *1980’s - Epidemiological Catchment Area Study - Better identified Mental illness rates Surge in women seeking higher edu. *1990’s - ADA 1990 National Literacy Act 1991 Neuro-Science emphasis Focus on Rural MH Human Brain Project Emphasis on genetics, epidemiology, children/adolescents 1 st White House Conf. on MH - 1999 *2000’s - 1 st Report on Children’s MH *2010’s - Army STARRS Study 2014 - high rates of suicide , PTSD Definition of “disability” expanded 2016 Other Realities - *1940’s-1990’s - SLOW advances made in MH epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment
HOA’s Harm Baby-Boomers & Unidentified Disabilties
--- The Coming Social Crisis ---
Federal “Disability” Definition: The law defines disability as the inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment(s) which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months. For purposes of this document, we are specifically targeting “Unidentified Mental Health Disabilities.” Those include (but are not limited to) ADHD, ASD, Bipolar Disorders, Major Depressive Disorders, OCD, PTSD, Anxiety Disorders, Developmental Disorders, TBI and Learning Disorders. Estimates of those with unidentified disorders in these realms range from 20-30% of the population. One must also realize that the “norm” for these individuals is to have more than one disorder (i.e., co- occurring conditions). Furthermore, many people have eluded identification because their symptoms are either too subtle or simply have NOT YET created enough difficulty for them. For example, many learning disorders do not qualify as legal “disabilities”, but they can still cause the individual significant life difficulties, e.g., problems with executive functions. Sensory Processing Disorders are not yet considered “disabilities.” But, again, some individuals with SPD encounter significant difficulty in job and/or social situations. KEY ISSUE: Simply having one of these disorders is NOT the issue. Having a condition that significantly interfers with one’s ability to function (for example, on an HOA Board) AND that condition being unidentified, untreated and the individual showing no inclination toward diagnosis/treatment, that is the issue. Because HOA’s have such absent/lax standards regarding qualifications for directors or committee membership, anyone with an undiagnosed, untreated disability can get in. Along with so many other “set-ups-for-trouble”, this is yet another HOA flaw that harms governance and the community. Multiple studies reveal Boomers have higher rates of “disability” than prior generations (e.g., 25%); and Millenials even higher (e.g., 30%). More focus on identification in generations after Boomers. Social Factors That Reveal &/or Conceal Disabilities: *Social Norm of concealing disabilities (denying) in Boomer generation and prior *National Mental Health Legislation 1946 *National Institute of Mental Health 1949 *National Mental Health Study 1955 *1960’s - Community MH Centers & Mental Retardation Centers *1970’s - Focus on Brain Chemistry, Bipolar Disorders & Chemical Dependency Focus on learning “disabilities” in National school system - “early identification” Rehabilitation Act 1973; Section 504 Sec. 504 strengthened 1977 IDEA 1975 - Special Edu. *1980’s - Epidemiological Catchment Area Study - Better identified Mental illness rates Surge in women seeking higher edu. *1990’s - ADA 1990 National Literacy Act 1991 Neuro-Science emphasis Focus on Rural MH Human Brain Project Emphasis on genetics, epidemiology, children/adolescents 1 st White House Conf. on MH - 1999 *2000’s - 1 st Report on Children’s MH *2010’s - Army STARRS Study 2014 - high rates of suicide , PTSD Definition of “disability” expanded 2016 Other Realities - *1940’s-1990’s - SLOW advances made in MH epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment *1970’s-Present - Pubic Edu. System foot-dragged in implementing disability laws *1990 - ADA made Law due to social/business resistence dealing with “disabled” *2017 Study found “disabilities” in about 30% of all employee age groups. *Today - Only 10% of employees with a disability report it 15-25% of Baby Boomers have unidentified “disabilities” & impairing sub-clinical conditions “Impaired” Boomers participating in activities requiring good “executive functions” Example - HOA Directors with poor critical thinking skills! BOTTOM LINE: Get these hidden, unidentified “disabilities” identified, diagnosed and treated! This will benefit that individual, their family and their community. Do this with kindness, humanity, sensitivity and throroughness. back to Contents